Baylan O, Demiralp B, Cicek EI, Albay A, Komurcu M, Kisa O, Gunal A, Ugurel MS.
Jpn J Infect Dis. 2005 Dec;58(6):376-9.
We present the case of a 20-year-old male who had a non-traumatic soft tissue lesion (4 x 3 cm) with recurrent discharge at his right posteromedial antebrachial muscles; the patient underwent surgery twice, and antibiotic therapy was administered, but no cure was achieved with these treatments. The patient underwent surgery at our medical center. There was no history of pulmonary, gastrointestinal, or genitourinary tuberculosis (TB). Due to suspected pulmonary, genitourinary, and gastrointestinal TB, radiography and computed tomography scans were performed, and these studies disclosed no evidence of a primary origin. The erythrocyte sedimentation rate and the results of purified protein derivate testing were normal. We also detected submandibular lymphadenopathy (LAP) (2 x 3 cm) localized at a submandibular site in our patient 4 months after his first visit to our clinic. Smears were stained with Ehrlich Ziehl Neelsen (EZN) stain and culture were grown for Mycobacterium tuberculosis complex (MTC); the samples used for these assays had been obtained by incisional biopsy of the forearm lesion and by aspiration of the submandibular lymph node, and they were found to be MTC-positive. Then, a culture for MTC, derived from an induced sputum sample, was found to be positive, despite the negative results obtained with a sputum smear subjected to EZN staining. According to these results, the primary focus of the tuberculous pyomyositis and the submandibular LAP was the lungs. The lesion and submandibular LAP were both treated successfully by the administration of antituberculous chemotherapy.