Efficacy of a modified sequential therapy including bismuth subcitrate as first-line therapy to eradicate Helicobacter pylori in a Turkish population.

Uygun A, et al. Helicobacter. 2012.

Authors

Uygun A1, Ozel AM, Sivri B, Polat Z, Genç H, Sakin YS, Çelebi G, Uygur-Bayramiçli O, Erçin CN, Kadayifçi A, Emer O, Gunal A, Bagci S.

Author information

1

Department of Gastroenterology, Gulhane Military Medical Academy, School of Medicine, GATA Tıp Fakultesi, General Doktor Tevfik Sağlam Caddesi Etlik, Ankara, Turkey.

Citation

Helicobacter. 2012 Dec;17(6):486-90. doi: 10.1111/j.1523-5378.2012.00989.x. Epub 2012 Aug 26.

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Eradication rates of Helicobacter pylori with standard triple therapy are not satisfactory. Sequential therapy is an alternative method to overcome this problem.

OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to assess efficacy of a modified sequential therapy with the addition of a bismuth preparation, as first-line treatment in the eradication of H. pylori infection.

MATERIALS AND METHODS: One hundred and forty-two H. pylori-positive patients were included in the study. Patients were given a 14-day sequential therapy program consisting of pantoprazole, 40 mg (b.i.d. for 14 days); colloidal bismuth subcitrate, 300 mg 4 (two tablets before breakfast and dinner, for 14 days); amoxicillin, 1 g (b.i.d.for the first 7 days); tetracycline, 500 mg (q.i.d. for the second 7 days); and metronidazole, 500 mg (t.i.d. for the second 7 days). Eradication was tested by urea breath test (UBT) 6 weeks after completion of treatment.

RESULTS: Of the 142 patients included, 131 completed the study. "Per-protocol" and "intention-to-treat" analyses revealed high eradication rates in this group (92.0-95% CI, 87.2-96.8%, and 81.0-95% CI, 74.5-87.4%, respectively). There was no relation to sex and age with this modified sequential therapy. Compliance was satisfactory (11 patients - four women and seven men were unavailable for follow-up), and side effects were minimal (six patients had to stop treatment - metronidazole-related facial swelling and numbness on the face and hands in two patients; tetracycline-related fever and epigastric pain and nausea and vomiting in two patients; and amoxicillin-related diarrhea and vaginal discharge in two patients). These side effects were reversible and resolved after the cessation of the related medication.

CONCLUSIONS: This 14-day modified sequential treatment, including bismuth, achieves a significantly high eradication rates in patients with H. pylori infection, with five satisfactory patient compliance and minor side effects.

© 2012 Blackwell Publishing Ltd.

PMID

23067136 [Indexed for MEDLINE]


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