The aim of this study was to assess depression, anxiety, and quality of life (QOL) in a cohort of children and adolescents with end-stage renal disease (ESRD), to compare these findings with healthy controls, and to evaluate the association between these psychological symptoms, QOL, and clinical variables related to ESRD.
Thirty-two children and adolescents 8-18 years of age were enrolled in the study. The sociodemographic data were evaluated. Questionnaires were used to evaluate the psychological status and QOL of the patients and healthy controls.
There was a significant difference in mean depression score, which was significantly higher for the ESRD patients. Mean state anxiety score was significantly lower for ESRD patients than for controls. Regarding QOL score, there were significant differences between the ESRD patients and control groups for both child-rated and parent-rated QOL scores, which were significantly lower for ESRD patients. Trait anxiety was a negative predictor of all subscales of the Pediatric Quality of Life Inventory 4.
End-stage renal disease was related to significant morbidity and poorer QOL. The assessment and enhancement of QOL and comorbid psychiatric disorders in ESRD should be a part of disease management.